Type of Content
V-Dem is an emerging website source for the students and scholars of international relations as it has detailed data on different countries. The following can be found on V-Dem:
  • Publications
  • Datasets
  • Graphing
Content Creator

Urjasvi Ahlawat

Abid Fakhre Alam


Urjasvi Ahlawat

Abid Fakhre Alam

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a novel way to think about and measure democracy. We give a multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that illustrates the complexity of democracy as a rule system that extends beyond the simple occurrence of elections. The V-Dem initiative separates five high-level democratic principles: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, and equitable, and gathers statistics to quantify them.
The Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) Research Project adopts an all-encompassing approach to democracy. Electoral, liberal, majoritarian, consensual, participative, deliberative, and egalitarian is some of the basic concepts of this method. Each Principle has its own index, and each is treated as a separate result in the proposed research. In this way, democracy is transformed from a single outcome to a set of outcomes
V-Dem has also divide each essential concept into its component parts, which are then measured independently. Free and fair elections, civil liberties, judicial independence, executive restrictions, gender equality, media freedom, and civil society are all components. Finally, each component is broken down into individual indicators.
The V-Dem Database, which measures 450+ indicators yearly for all nations throughout the world from 1789 to the present, allows for this fundamentally different approach to democracy.
First, as a large global collaboration among scholars with diverse areas of expertise; second, as the first project attempting to explain different varieties of democracy; and third, as the first project to explore causal mechanisms linking different aspects of democracy together, thanks to the highly disaggregated V-Dem data.
The V-Dem project is one of the world's largest social science data projects, with five Principal Investigators, 19 Project Managers with a unique responsibility for issue areas included in the V-Dem dataset, and roughly 33 Regional Managers, over 100 countries Coordinators, and over 3,500 Country Experts.
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Content Coverage
In the Publication Menu, You will get the following Materials:-
  • Democracy Reports
  • Working Papers
    • V-Dems' Working Papers
    • User Working Papers
  • Briefs
    • Policy Briefs
    • Country Briefs
  • Thematic Reports
Democracy Reports
In the field of International Relations, the topic of democracy is of utmost importance. The theme of democracy covers several aspects such as the concepts of liberal democracy, autocracy, human rights, autocratic governance, political liberalism, freedom of expression and many more relevant factors that play a role in the type of regime in a country. The reports are released annually in the month of March on the V-Democracy website. Please find attached the links to the reports published to date with their summary and respective links.

It is released annually in the month of March.

Follow the Link to get the reports
V-Dems' Working Paper
Institute produces Working Paper Series to disseminate results from the newly developed measures of components, principles, and varieties of democracy and their determinants.
The research explores, for instance,
  • Exogenous and endogenous factors of democratization,
  • Effects of democracy and democratization, and
  • The development of different components of democracy
at the national level as well as across sub-national levels.

Follow the Link to get the reports
User Working Paper
The Institute also encourages the users of V-Dem data to submit a version of their papers as Users’ Working Papers to be published in their website.

Please submit your paper by email to nazifa.alizada@v-dem.net.

Template for the Users' Working Papers is available here Working Paper Template.docx (115.1 KB).

Follow the link to get the Users' Working Papers
Policy Briefs
Follow the link to get the Policy Briefs
Country Briefs
V-Dem are releasing a number of country briefs, illustrating an example of how the data online can be utilized for graphing and analysis.

Follow the link to get the Country Briefs
Thematic Reports

Follow the link to get the Thematic Reports
Types of Datasets available
  • The V-Dem Dataset
  • The ERT Dataset
  • The PanDem Dataset
  • The V-Party Dataset
Types of graphing tools available
  • Interactive Maps
  • Variable Graph
  • Country Graph
  • Country Radar Chart
  • Variable Radar Chart
  • Heat Map
  • Regional Comparison
  • Scatter Chart
  • Thematic Comparison
  •  Contingency Tables
  • Low Hanging Fruit Tool
  • The Democratic Space Barometer
How to use the graphing tools
Step 1
Open the V-Dem website. Move the cursor on the ‘Graphing’ option that is available on the tab. You will be able to see two options displayed: ‘Graphing Tools’ and ‘Graphs of the Week’. Click on ‘Graphing Tools’.

Step 2
You will see a series of graphing tools available. All these graphing tools can be used to find out particular information about countries, individually or in comparison to other countries. Choose a graphing tool as per your research needs. For this example, Interactive Maps will be used.
Step 3
This tool visualizes data by creating a colour-coded map to view the distribution of scores for an indicator around the world. Select an indicator. Select a year. A map shows the distribution of scores around the world for one indicator in one year. You can zoom in ”+” and zoom out ”-” to learn more about regions and countries. Details about selected indicators and indices are available in the "Selected Indicators" box at the bottom of the page. Save a graph by clicking on the download sign (three-line sign) at the upper right-hand side of the map, then select your preferred format (png, jpeg, pdf, svg).